The IRS has released final regulations that clarify the definition of a “qualifying relative” for purposes of various provisions for tax years 2018 through 2025. These regulations generally affect taxpayers who claim federal income tax benefits that require a taxpayer to have a qualifying relative.
These regulations are effective on the date of publication in the Federal Register.
On June 9, 2020, the Treasury and the IRS published a notice of proposed rulemaking REG-118997-19. Consistent with Notice 2018-70, the proposed regulations provide that, in determining whether an individual is a qualifying relative for purposes of various provisions that refer to Code Sec. 152 in tax years in which the exemption amount is zero, the Code Sec. 151(d) exemption amount will be the inflation-adjusted Code Sec. 152(d)(1)(B) exemption amount in the annual revenue procedure setting forth inflation-adjusted items that is published in the Internal Revenue Bulletin. Thus, the exemption amount to be used for this purpose is $4,150 for tax year 2018 (section 3.24 of Rev. Proc. 2017-58, 2017- 45 I.R.B. 489, modified and superseded by Rev. Proc. 2018-18, 2018-10 I.R.B. 392); $4,200 for tax year 2019 (section 3.25 of Rev. Proc. 2018-57, 2018-49 I.R.B. 827); and $4,300 for tax year 2020 (section 3.25 of Rev. Proc. 2019-44, 2019-47 I.R.B. 1093).