The IRS has announced that, under the American Rescue Plan Act of 2021 (ARP) ( P.L. 117-2), the requirement that taxpayers increase their tax liability by all or a portion of their excess advance payments of the Premium Tax Credit (excess APTC) is suspended for tax year (TY) 2020. A taxpayer’s excess APTC is the amount by which the taxpayer’s advance payments of the Premium Tax Credit (APTC) exceed his or her Premium Tax Credit (PTC). Eligible taxpayers with excess APTC for 2020 are not required to file Form 8962, Premium Tax Credit, or report an excess advance Premium Tax Credit repayment on their 2020 Form 1040 or Form 1040-SR when they file. Taxpayers claiming a net PTC must file Form 8962 when they file their TY 2020 return.
Taxpayers who have already filed their TY 2020 return and who have excess APTC do not need to file an amended tax return or contact the IRS. Taxpayers who enrolled, or enrolled a family member, in health insurance coverage for TY 2020 through the marketplace should have received Form 1095-A, Health Insurance Marketplace Statement, from the marketplace. Taxpayers can check with their tax professional or use tax software to figure the amount of allowable PTC and reconcile it with their APTC received using the information from Form 1095-A.
The Premium Tax Credit helps pay for health insurance coverage bought from the health insurance marketplace. If the taxpayer’s PTC computed on the return is more than the APTC paid on the taxpayer’s behalf during the year, the difference is a net PTC.